The Czech is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the northwest and west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast. Prague, the capital, is the largest city, with 1.3 million residents. The Czech Republic includes the historical territories of Bohemia and Moravia, and Czech Silesia.
The Czech state, known in English as Bohemia until the early 20th century, Prague is the main international airport in the country. In 2010, it handled 11.6 million passengers, which makes it the fifth busiest airport in Central and Eastern Europe. The largest ski resort in the Krušné Mountains, Klínovec Ski resort , has been going through big changes for several years. Over the years the slopes there have been extended and expanded with artificial snow and ski lifts replaced by modern 4-person chair lifts. This year's novelty is a cable car with an orange bubble cover on the slopeJáchymovská. In the new part of the area on the south side a new ski slope was also built, which by Czech standards is very unique with its parameters - because the new Jáchymov slope measures 3 km, UNESCO cultural heritage list are not bestowed lightly; there are less than a thousand in the whole world but you can find twelve of them in the Czech Republic. Apart from the historical centre of Prague, Český Krumlov, Kutná Hora and Telč these for example include the Functionalist Villa Tugendhat in Brno designed by the architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, the historical gardens and chateau in Kroměříž and the Pilgrimage Church of St. John of Nepomuk steeped in symbolism in Zdar nad Sázavou. A winter rush in powdery snow – that is true winter in the Czech ski centres. You will discover something new here every year, ranging from stylish hotels, restaurants and cafes right on the slopes, right through to ski mountaineering trails – for example in Šumava and in the Krkonoše Mountains! Take a trip on cross-country skis along one of the many prepared cross-country skiing trails and why not also try the longest ice skating track in the world at Lipno! If you prefer sledging, you will certainly enjoy yourself on the Zvonková cesta from Černá hora to Janské Lázně!
The coldest month is usually January, followed by February and December. During these months, there is usually snow in the mountains and sometimes in the major cities and lowlands. During March, April and May, the temperature usually increases rapidly, especially during April, when the temperature and weather tends to vary widely during the day. Spring is also characterized by high water levels in the rivers, due to melting snow with occasional flooding.
The warmest month of the year is July, followed by August and June. On average, summer temperatures are about 20 °C (68 °F) – 30 °C (86 °F) higher than during winter. Summer is also characterized by rain and storms.
Tourism in Czech Republic
Skip the highly touristy Europe nations such as UK, France and Switzerland and embark on an enriching experience of Austria, Hungary and the Czech Republic with fully guided tours of their capital cities - Vienna, Budapest and Prague, respectively. Tour architectural masterpieces such as the Hungarian Parliament Building; unique symbols of European culture such as the Szechenyi Thermal Bath in Budapest and Schonbrunn and Hofburg Habsburg Palaces in Vienna; and experience the Royal Route Walk in Prague. Schonbrunn Palace, a 1441-room former Imperial palace and summer residence of the Habsburg rulers. Born as a country retreat of Empress Maria Theresa, the palace boasts luxurious rooms, luxury apartments and magnificent gardens and is one of the finest baroque palaces in Europe . In Prague you can opt for Wenceslas Square in the Prague Historic Centre, a World Heritage Site. Founded as the horse market in the Middle Ages, this square is an important economic and cultural hub of the city. The tour continues through Avenue Na Prikopech, an avenue lined with shops and cafes, to the Republic Square, another busy city square located in-between the Old Town and the New Town. Popular landmarks here include the Municipal House or Town Hall - an important structure with salons, concert halls and restaurants. Next, we enter the Powder Gate, one of the 13 gates of Prague Old City and the gate through which the crowned king used to pass during his procession. Walk the ''Royal Route'' through Celetna, one of the oldest streets of the city with baroque palaces and modern architectural masterpieces such as the Cubist House of the Black Madonna. Theatre Stavovske or the Estates Theatre; ''Karolinum''- one of the oldest dormitories in Central Europe and the seat of the Charles University; the Charles Bridge; and the Old Town Square with its architectural landmarks such as the St Nicholas Church and the Astronomical Clock.
Czech cuisine is marked by a strong emphasis on meat dishes. Pork is quite common; beef and chicken are also popular. Goose, duck, rabbit and wild game are served. Fish is rare, with the occasional exception of fresh trout and carp, which is served at Christmas. The most romantic include Château Mcely or Sychrov. Prague is literally bursting with many quality and designer hotels; you will surely find something. You can take in the atmosphere of the beginning of the last century at the Art Nouveau Hotel Paris, while a modern interior is available, for example, in the Hotel Josef, which owes its shape to the well-known Czech architect Eva Jiricna.